Poor sleep may affect Alzheimer’s disease risk. According to some researchers healthy adults built up Alzheimer’s-associated proteins in their cerebral spinal fluid when prevented from getting slow-wave sleep, the deepest stage of sleep. Just a night of deep-sleep disruption was enough to increase the amount of amyloid-beta, a protein that clumps into brain cell‒killing plaques in people with Alzheimer’s. According to the studies people who slept poorly for a week also had more of a protein called tau in their spinal fluid than they did when well rested. The findings support a growing body of evidence that lack of Zs is linked to Alzheimer’s and other neurodegenerative diseases. According to them people with Alzheimer’s are notoriously poor sleepers, but scientists aren’t sure if that is a cause or a consequence of the disease. Animal and human studies suggest the problem goes both ways. People who lacks from sleeping may make people more prone to brain disorders. People who have the problems with their brain functionality make it hard to sleep. According to David Holtzman of Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis speculated that lower levels of brain cell activity during deep sleep would produce less A-beta, tau and other proteins than other stages of sleep or wakefulness. To conduct the research Holtzman and with his colleague Physician Yo-El Ju recruited 17 volunteers, all healthy adults between ages 35 and 65, who had no sleep disorders. Volunteers wore activity monitors to track their sleep at home and visited the sleep lab at least twice. The volunteers slept normally while wearing headphones. On the other visit, researchers played beeps through headphones whenever the volunteers were about to go into deep sleep. The slow beeps didn’t wake the people up but kept them from getting any slow-wave sleep. Volunteers slept just as much on the night when deep sleep was disrupted as they did on the night when no sound was played through the headphones. The research showed that the more deep sleep people missed out on, the higher their levels of A-beta in the morning. Tau levels didn’t budge because of just one night of slow-wave sleep disruption, but people whose activity monitors indicated they had slept poorly the week before the test also had higher levels of that protein. This study in humans is really an elegant experimental demonstration. Without proper deep sleep, brain cells continue to churn out, producing more A-beta and tau than a well-rested brain.


  1. Turn off the little voice. Remind yourself that you’ve accomplished a lot before getting into this college and that, if you didn’t have what it takes to succeed, they wouldn’t have admitted you.
  2. Realize you’re not alone. Everyone thinks they’re the only one, but a recent study shows that one-third of college students feel inadequate after the very first semester If you’re feeling unsure of yourself, keep in mind that you’re in distinguished company: Most of your friends are going through just what you’re experiencing now.
  3. Take something you’re good at.Each semester, in spite of the distribution requirements and courses you need for your major, take at least one course you enjoy and will likely do well in.
  4. Start small.Try taking a few small risks to help you overcome some of your fears. Maybe you could ask (or answer) a question in the discussion section.
  5. Reward achievements.Everyone feels better when they give themselves some recognition for a job well done, even a small accomplishment. Get yourself a slice of pizza or a latte for that 10 on the quiz. The positive reinforcement will make it easier for you to study for next week’s quiz.
  6. Make all the classes. Students who pop into class erratically have much greater trouble understanding and following the lectures that they do attend. Attend regularly in your classes
  7. Divide big tasks into small pieces.Know what you need to work so that you can focus on
  8. Do a trial run.Always practice for your speeches or for tests, by this you can assess your capabilities and weakness that you can focus 11. Take comments constructively. Many students see every mark on their paper as a biting criticism and, hence, ignore them entirely. Train yourself to view the comments in a more positive light, as ways the professor is trying to help you do better on the next piece of work (rather than sink your ship). Learning how to use the comments to improve, even after a not so impressive start, can be the best confidence booster of all.

Ways to Take Care of Your Shoes

From taking care of our shoes, we’re not only extending their life but also we’re saving some money from doing it.  Keep your shoes in shape and stay longer with these tips.

  • Spray your shoes with a waterproof protector. It will protect the surface when they will take a lot of action during rainy days.
  • Have an alternate pairs. Don’t wear the same pair of shoes often; two days in a row or more.  You should allow them to sit for at least twenty four hours to dissipate lingering odor and dry out.
  • Clean your shoes on a regular basis. Clean them before dirt sets in; don’t just leave it there.  Your shoes also need to be cleaned on the insides especially if odor is a problem.  You can swab them with alcohol.
  • Polish your leather shoes. Regular polishing will keep them supple and look as good as new.
  • Restore the color. If your shoes start to fade, have them dyed.  This will make them look new.
  • Use a shoe horn when you’re put them on or taking them off. The constant flexing will break down the stiff material at the collar and can damage your shoes.
  • Let them dry. If your shoes happened to get wet, let them dry where there is air flow.  Don’t put them on a heater or expose them directly to sunlight; this will cause crackling, discoloration or even peeling.   Never wear them when they’re not completely dry.
  • Store your shoes with a shoe trees. As shoes cool and dry, they contract, and having shoe trees inserted inside of each shoe will help them keep their original shape.  If you do not have a shoe tree, fill them with some tissue or newspapers.
  • Organize your shoes. Keep your shoes separately and avoid jumbling them up.  They probably rub and scratch one another.


Diarrhea Home Remedy: First Aid

Diarrhea is a common illness among all the age groups.   Common symptoms of diarrhea include frequent loose and watery stools, abdominal pain, and bloating.

Bad cases of diarrhea can come from many sources, including:

  • food poisoning
  • antibiotics
  • contaminated food and water
  • eating too much fatty and spicy foods
  • viral infection
  • certain gastrointestinal diseases

Diarrhea results in loosing large amount of fluid which makes the body dehydrated and also the effect of electrolyte imbalance.

Here are some of the most effective first aid measures to relieve a diarrhea:

The most important to do is to keep hydrated.

  • Drinking plenty of fresh and pure water is the best way.
  • Drink natural fruit juices.
  • Take an electrolyte solution like a Gatorade.
  • Eating bananas, dry toast, rice, helps to regulate the bowel movements.
  • Yogurt helps to restore good bacteria.


Watching what you eat is very important when you have diarrhea.

  • Avoid alcohol
  • Avoid eating spicy foods
  • Milk, soda, and other caffeinated drinks may make condition worse.
  • Fried and greasy foods are also not advisable.
  • Avoid foods that can cause gas, such as: corn, beans, broccoli, peppers


If diarrhea lasts for more than 3 days, it’s time to see a doctor.


20 Common Idioms and Their Meanings

An idiom is an expression or a group of words whose meaning is something quite different from the individual words it contains.


Find out the common idioms and their meanings which you can use in your daily life.



 1.  A hard nut to crack
     –  a difficult situation or problem
 2.  A heart of gold 
     –  very kind, generous, helpful; a good person
 3.  A penny for your thoughts 
      –  the way of asking someone what they are thinking about
 4.  A sweet tooth
      –  likes to eat sweet foods
 5.  Absence makes the heart grow fonder
     –  distance makes us realize the absence of others
 6.  Against the clock
     –  doing something in a rush or short time
 7.  Catch red-handed
     –  to catch someone in the act of doing something wrong
 8.  Face your demons
     –  one must confront or fight their fears
 9.  Go the extra mile
     –  going all the way to get it done
10.  Has a good head on his shoulders
      –  a person is very sensible, intelligent, think well; someone who can be depended on to give a good  advice 
11.  Has eyes in the back of his head
       –  knows everything that is happening
12.  Have your hands full
       –  you are very busy, you are preoccupied doing something
13.  Hold your horse
       –  to have patience
14.  Hit the sack
      –  go to bed very tired
15.  Match made in heaven
      –  a relationship in which the two people are great together
16.  New kid on the block
      –  someone who is new to a group or place
17.  Rainy cats and dogs
      –  raining heavily
18.  The best of both worlds
      –  you can enjoy two different opportunities at the same time
19.  To feel under the weather
      –  feeling unwell or sick
20.  To get into hot water
      –  to get into trouble