Having a hard time trying your child or your student to read? Reading is the foundation of all learning. So they need to fully understand it and love it. Try to make it a fun activity for your children. Here are some tips for you to easily teach your child to read and have their own vocabulary. Here are some areas that you can focus while they are developing their reading skills.
Effective reading instruction begins by ensuring that students have mastered phonemic awareness, which is the ability to identify, manipulate, and substitute phonemes the smallest units of sound. Phonemic awareness lays the groundwork for learning to associate individual sounds with written letters commonly known as phonics.
Phonics is an instructional method that associates written letters and letter combinations with the sounds of spoken language. Once letters are linked to sounds, they are no longer meaningless marks; they are the building blocks of words. Phonics strategies help students develop basic skills for decoding the words they read as well as spelling the words they write.
Fluency is the ability to read text accurately and quickly, either silently or orally. Researchers have found that fluent reading at the word level is established after an individual reads a word at least four times using accurate phonologic processing. Fluency is built word by word and is based on repeated, accurate sounding out of the word. Fluency is not established by “memorizing” what words look like but rather by developing correct neural-phonologic models of the word.
Vocabulary is an expandable, stored set of words that students know the meanings of and use. Vocabulary has both print and speech forms. Spoken vocabulary plays an important role in word recognition. Beginning readers use their spoken vocabulary to recognize words that they encounter in print. When students “sound out” a written word, they try to connect that word to a word in their spoken vocabulary. If the word they are reading is not in their spoken vocabulary, that word will interrupt their reading. That new word must be learned, in both form and meaning, before it can be added to their vocabulary.
Reading comprehension is the ability to understand, remember, and communicate meaning from what has been read. Comprehension is the purpose and the goal of reading, but comprehension depends on students being able to access the text, which can only happen after they have already mastered certain phonemic awareness and phonics skills.